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IMPACT OF GROUND WATER RECHARGE AND WITHDRAWAL ON WATER TABLE FLUCTUATIONS IN ALLUVIAL AREA
RISHI PATHAK, M.K. AWASTHI, S.K. SHARMA, M.K. HARDAHA, R.K. NEMA

Published in: International Journal of Agriculture Sciences
Volume- 9, Issue-36, pp.4546-4549, Aug 2017
DPI :-> 16.10077.IJAS.2017.V9I36.45464549.1851



Abstract
In general, groundwater trends are declining throughout the world due to the continuous increase of ground water withdrawal to meet the daily needs of growing population. There is a general acceptance that the recharge of ground water in the alluvial region areas is more compared to other regions, however these concepts leads to an inaccurate estimation of ground water recharge in many alluvium regions. However, the recent investigations in the Patan block of Jabalpur district of M.P. India has indicated that, the pre-monsoon water level deepness prone to the higher recharge of ground water from the precipitation and other water resources like tanks and check dams. Similarly study also suggested that the pre-monsoon ground water level influenced higher recharge of ground water than the total annual amount of rainfall in study area. The study involved analysis of the ground water data for 16 years and mapped the changed in ground water levels between pre monsoon and post monsoon Further investigations made by analyzing the data of water level in the patan block. The ground water recharge estimation has been done by using water table fluctuation method and GlS application. The study concludes that nearly 22 percent of rainfall is either joining the ground water directly through infiltration or by different recharge attributed by various water conservation structures such as check dams, reservoirs, tanks etc. Also, the finding indicated that increase use of ground water for agriculture and the rise in agriculture area has leading ground water declination issue in study area.

Key-Words / Index Term
Ground water recharge, Water fluctuation method, GIS

How to cite this article
RISHI PATHAK, M.K. AWASTHI, S.K. SHARMA, M.K. HARDAHA, R.K. NEMA , “IMPACT OF GROUND WATER RECHARGE AND WITHDRAWAL ON WATER TABLE FLUCTUATIONS IN ALLUVIAL AREA”, International Journal of Agriculture Sciences, 9, Issue-36, pp.4546-4549, Aug 2017. DPI:16.10077.IJAS.V9.I36.1851