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WATER MANAGEMENT TRADITIONAL SYSTEM IN RURAL AND TRIBAL SOCIETIES IN INDIA: VALUING THE UNVALUED
Dr. Vinod N Sambrani, Jayadatta S

Published in: International Journal of Current Engineering And Scientific Research ( IJCESR)
Volume- 4, Issue-8, pp.57-61, Aug 2017
DPI :-> 16.10046.IJCESR.2017.V4I8.5761.1905



Abstract
Achieving effective and efficient management of water as the key to human survival and development has emerged as an urgent global concern. The realization of the limited availability of water in space and time under conditions of ever-increasing pressures has caused designing of ‘modern’ water management initiatives that are globally manufactured but implementable in local communities, India being no exception. It is perhaps universally assumed that water management, as an integrated system based upon local knowledge & practices, is either ‘non-existent’ or ‘irrational’, ‘narrowly pragmatic’ and ‘in the process of disappearance’. If water is a basic resource necessary for sustaining all human activities, its provision in the desired quantity and quality and at the right time and place through a workable local water management system must be regarded as an omnipresent phenomenon. How water management is traditionally organized in rural Indian localities so that the community’s needs are met through generations? What implications do such systems based in local situated knowledge & practices hold for the global water management context? The paper seeks answers to these questions through an ethnographic study in rural India. It concludes that traditional water management system in rural Indian localities is pragmatic, rational and functional even in contemporary times. As found in central and central-eastern parts of the country, the system may be resolved into human and non-human components, the latter further lying within two different analytical domains, namely, the ‘ideational’ and the ‘operational’. Traditional knowledge informs each of these domains that is translated as practice in day-to-day life. The paper argues that the study of such systems is important not only for the sake of enhancing the understanding of traditional resource management systems as situated knowledge systems and situated action locales, but also for appreciating their practical value in designing of more workable, socio-culturally viable, community-based solutions to the resource management problems encountered in recent times.

Key-Words / Index Term
Community, globalization, indigenous water management system, Irrigation, institution, situated knowledge, situated action, socio-cultural matrix, water.

How to cite this article
Dr. Vinod N Sambrani, Jayadatta S , “WATER MANAGEMENT TRADITIONAL SYSTEM IN RURAL AND TRIBAL SOCIETIES IN INDIA: VALUING THE UNVALUED”, International Journal of Current Engineering And Scientific Research ( IJCESR), 4, Issue-8, pp.57-61, Aug 2017. DPI:16.10046.IJCESR.V4.I8.1905