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HEALTH HAZARDS AMONG WORKERS OF LEATHER INDUSTRIES IN UNNAO DISTRICT- A STATISTICAL REVIEW
Saurabh Pratap Singh

Published in: International Journal of Current Engineering And Scientific Research ( IJCESR)
Volume- 4, Issue-10, pp.50-61, Oct 2017
DPI :-> 16.10046.IJCESR.2017.V4I10.5061.2084



Abstract
The leather industry occupies a place of prominence in the Indian economy in view of its massive potential for employment, growth and exports. There has been an increasing emphasis on its planned development, aimed at optimum utilization of available raw materials for maximizing the returns, particularly from exports. The tanning industry is known to be very polluting especially through effluents high in organic and inorganic dissolved and suspended solids content accompanied by propensities for high oxygen demand and containing potentially toxic metal salt residues. Present study focuses on the health hazards on the respondents working in the tanning industry and residing near the tanning industry in Unnao. The results show that Majority of the respondents were suffering from fever, itching in the body, eyes, stomach, irritation in body, chest, eyes, feet, stomach and urinary tract and head ache i.e. 82.2%, 51.4%, 5.4%, 1.1%, 27.7%, 1.4%, 2.8%,1.9%, 0.9%, 0.7% and 11.1% respectively. 1.1% of respondents have cyst in throat and other throat problems and 1% of them were suffering from ulcers. 1.3% of respondents were complaining of watery eyes constantly. Considerable amount of respondents were suffering from skin diseases i.e. 72.3%, following with respiratory complaints cough (dry-productive) and breathlessness i.e. 56.6% and 65.5% respectively. More than half of the respondents were suffering from chest pain. Incidence of the above cases of some diseases such as irritation, itching, skin diseases, throat issues, teeth and gum problems, swelling in eyes and legs is considerably more among the respondents as they are localities’ or people working in the tannery without safety measures. It can be seen that majority of them suffer with skin diseases, itching and irritation problems which appears due to either exposure to heavy metal such as chromium and consumption of chromium in food chain and water. Statistical significance of the respondents experienced health problems when compared to 200 controlled samples shows that diseases like cough, body and stomach ache, respiratory problems, irritation in eyes, body, stomach and skin, cancer, fever and Skin diseases are statistically significant when Chi-Square test was applied.

Key-Words / Index Term
Leather industry, tanning industry, skin diseases, respiratory problems and safety measures.

How to cite this article
Saurabh Pratap Singh , “HEALTH HAZARDS AMONG WORKERS OF LEATHER INDUSTRIES IN UNNAO DISTRICT- A STATISTICAL REVIEW”, International Journal of Current Engineering And Scientific Research ( IJCESR), 4, Issue-10, pp.50-61, Oct 2017. DPI:16.10046.IJCESR.V4.I10.2084